The paper develops a dynamic, parameterised Material Flow Analysis (MFA) model to estimate stocks and flows of Lithium-Ion batteries after their removal from xEVs along the specific processes of the European value-chain. Direct reuse, second-use and recycling are included in the model.
Type: Research article
Published in 2018
Author: Silvia Bobba, Fabrice Mathieuxa, Gian Andrea Blenginia
Publisher: European Commission